From Waterfalls to Mountains: Guizhou, China

Welcome to Guizhou Province, located in the southwestern region of China, a land of stunning landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and diverse ethnic groups. Guizhou has a fascinating history that dates back thousands of years, with various kingdoms and dynasties playing a significant role in shaping the province’s unique culture and traditions. Today, Guizhou is a vibrant and thriving province that attracts travelers from all over the world with its breathtaking scenery, mouth-watering cuisine, and exciting attractions. Whether you are interested in exploring the province’s history, indulging in its culinary delights, or immersing yourself in its natural wonders, Guizhou has something for everyone.

Guizhou, China

The History of Guizhou

Ancient city walls in Guizhou, China

Guizhou Province has a rich and diverse history, dating back thousands of years. The area was initially inhabited by various ethnic groups, including the Miao, Buyi, Dong, and Yao. Over time, these groups developed their unique cultures and traditions, many of which can still be seen today.

During the Western Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 9 CE), the area now known as Guizhou was a part of Yelang, a powerful kingdom that controlled much of modern-day Guizhou and Yunnan. In the 3rd century CE, the region was incorporated into the Kingdom of Shu and later became a part of the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907).

In the 10th century, the Song Dynasty (960 – 1279) established a provincial government in the area, marking the beginning of Guizhou’s status as a province. However, it wasn’t until the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644) that Guizhou became fully integrated into the Chinese Empire.

During the Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911), Guizhou played an important role in the Opium Wars, serving as a major base for British forces. The province also became a center for silver mining, with large deposits discovered in the region during the 18th century.

In the early 20th century, Guizhou became a hub for revolutionary activity, with many influential figures, including Mao Zedong, spending time in the province. During World War II, Guizhou was occupied by Japanese forces, and the province saw significant damage and destruction.

Since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Guizhou has undergone significant economic and social development, with the province becoming an important center for industry, agriculture, and tourism. Today, Guizhou is a thriving province with a rich cultural heritage, attracting visitors from around the world who come to experience its stunning natural beauty and unique cultural traditions.

The Guizhou Weather

Guizhou Province has a subtropical humid climate, which means that it is mild and humid throughout most of the year. The Guizhou weather in summer months (June-August) is relatively cool and wet, with temperatures averaging around 23°C (73°F).Meanwhile, Guizhou weather in the winter is relatively mild, with temperatures rarely dropping below 5°C (41°F).

Fun Things to Do in Guizhou

Huangguoshu Waterfall in Guizhou, China

There are plenty of fun and exciting things to see and do in Guizhou Province, whether you’re interested in history, culture, or outdoor activities. Here are just a few highlights:

Explore the Huangguoshu Waterfall: This magnificent waterfall is the largest in Asia and is located in Anshun, Guizhou. Visitors can take a boat ride to get up close to the falls and enjoy the spectacular scenery.

Visit the Miao Villages: Guizhou Province is home to numerous Miao villages, where visitors can experience the unique culture and traditions of this ethnic group. Some of the most famous Miao villages include Xijiang Qianhu Miao Village and Langde Miao Village.

Experience the Guizhou Culture and Art Palace: Located in Guiyang, the capital of Guizhou Province, the Guizhou Culture and Art Palace is a museum and cultural center that showcases the history and culture of the region.

You can also visit one of the most popular attractions in all of the province, Guizhou’s Fanjing Mountain.

The Cost of Living in Guizhou, China

Compared to major cities in China, the cost of living in Guizhou Province is relatively affordable. While prices can vary depending on your location and lifestyle, here are a few general guidelines:

Accommodation: Rent prices in Guizhou vary depending on the city and neighborhood, but a one-bedroom apartment in the city center can cost around 2,000 RMB per month (approximately $310 USD).

Food and drink: Eating out in Guizhou can be very affordable, with a meal at a local restaurant costing around 30-50 RMB (approximately $5-8 USD) per person. Street food is even cheaper, with many tasty options like dumplings available for under 10 RMB (approximately $1.50 USD).

Transportation: Public transportation in Guizhou is relatively cheap and efficient, with bus and metro fares starting at around 2 RMB (approximately $0.30 USD).

Guizhou’s Fanjing Mountain

A foggy view from Fanjing Mountain in Guizhou, China

Fanjing Mountain is a stunning and sacred mountain located in Guizhou Province, China. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a national nature reserve. The mountain is known for its unique biodiversity and stunning natural scenery. It is also considered a sacred site in Chinese Buddhism and is home to many temples and shrines.

One of the most distinctive features of Fanjing Mountain is its unique rock formations, including towering cliffs and jagged peaks. The mountain is also home to a number of rare and endangered species, including the Fanjingshan Fir, which is one of the oldest and tallest trees in the world.

Visitors to Fanjing Mountain can explore a number of hiking trails and enjoy breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape. They can also visit the many temples and shrines located on the mountain, including the famous Yunju Temple, which is known for its stunning architecture and ancient artifacts.

Overall, Fanjing Mountain is a must-visit destination for nature lovers and those interested in exploring the rich cultural history of Guizhou Province.

Exploring Guizhou Cuisine: A Journey of Flavor and Spice

Guizhou cuisine is known for its bold flavors, fragrant spices, and use of local ingredients. Exploring Guizhou cuisine is a journey of flavor and spice that will tantalize your taste buds and leave you craving for more.

One of the most popular dishes in Guizhou is the Sour Fish Hot Pot. This dish is made with fresh fish, mushrooms, bamboo shoots, and a sour broth made from tomatoes, pickled peppers, and vinegar. The hot pot is heated at the table, and diners can add their own ingredients as they cook. The combination of the sour broth and fresh ingredients makes for a unique and flavorful dining experience.

Another popular dish is the Miao-style Sour Fish. This dish is made with freshwater fish that is marinated in a sour and spicy sauce made from pickled peppers, ginger, and garlic. The fish is then fried until crispy, and served with a side of rice. The combination of crispy fish and tangy sauce is a favorite among locals and visitors alike.

Guizhou is also known for its love of spicy food, and the province is home to a variety of spicy dishes. One of the most famous is the Spicy Chicken Hot Pot. This dish is made with tender chicken, spicy chili peppers, and a variety of local spices. The hot pot is served with a side of rice or noodles, and is perfect for those who love spicy food.

For those with a sweet tooth, Guizhou has a variety of desserts to choose from. One of the most popular is the Sticky Rice Cake. This cake is made with glutinous rice flour, brown sugar, and sesame seeds. It has a chewy texture and a sweet, nutty flavor.

Overall, exploring Guizhou cuisine is a must for foodies and travelers looking for a unique culinary experience. The province’s bold flavors, fragrant spices, and use of local ingredients make for a truly unforgettable journey of flavor and spice.

Best Places to Live in Guizhou, China

A view of the green scenery around Qingyan Ancient Town, Guizhou, China

Guizhou Province has many beautiful cities and towns that offer a great quality of life. Here are some of the best places to live in Guizhou Province:


As the capital city of Guizhou, Guiyang is the economic, cultural and transportation hub of the province. It is a modern city with a diverse mix of ethnic cultures and cuisines. Guiyang is known for its beautiful natural scenery and mild climate, making it a popular place for retirement and tourism.


Zunyi is a historic city with a rich culture and tradition. It is known for its beautiful landscape, including the famous Red Army Long March Memorial Park. Zunyi is also a transportation hub and has a strong economy with a thriving business community.


Anshun is a beautiful city located in the western part of Guizhou Province. It is known for its stunning natural scenery, including Huangguoshu Waterfall, the largest waterfall in Asia. Anshun is also a popular place for retirees due to its pleasant climate and low cost of living.


Kaili is a city in the southeast of Guizhou Province that is known for its unique ethnic cultures and traditions. It is the center of the Miao and Dong ethnic minority groups and is home to many festivals and celebrations throughout the year. Kaili also has a strong economy and is a great place for those who want to experience a different way of life.


Duyun is a small city located in the southern part of Guizhou Province. It is known for its beautiful natural scenery, including the stunning Maling River Canyon. Duyun is a peaceful and quiet city with a low cost of living, making it a great place for retirees or those who want to escape the hustle and bustle of big cities.

Each of these cities and towns in Guizhou Province offers its own unique charm and benefits for residents. Whether you prefer a bustling city with a thriving economy or a quiet and peaceful town with beautiful natural scenery, Guizhou Province has something to offer for everyone.

Guizhou, China – Final Thoughts

In conclusion, Guizhou Province in southwest China is a must-visit destination for travelers who wish to explore the rich history, unique culture, and breathtaking scenery of China. With a diverse history dating back thousands of years, Guizhou has developed its unique cultures and traditions, which can still be seen today. The province has a subtropical humid climate, making it mild and humid throughout most of the year. There are plenty of fun and exciting things to see and do in Guizhou Province, including exploring the Huangguoshu Waterfall, visiting Miao Villages, experiencing the Guizhou Culture and Art Palace, and sampling the local cuisine. Fanjing Mountain is another must-visit destination for nature lovers and those interested in exploring the rich cultural history of Guizhou Province. Compared to other major cities in China, the cost of living in Guizhou Province is relatively affordable.

Tom Bogues

Tom is the Director of ESL Job Center. He has been working in the TEFL industry in one form or another since 2016 and is now using that experience to match quality teachers with quality schools across China.

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